Wisdom from a Friend

Hello friends,
Before I shared about the guilt trap a few weeks back, I sent what I had written to the members of the Bonhoeffer House. My dear friend Evey shared her view on it, and how she had learned to break this cycle. She focused on ways that we are confused about what a “kind and generous person” really is, and I wanted y’all to hear, in her own voice, what this was like for her.
Evey McKellar, ladies and gentlemen:
Simply naming it “guilt” doesn’t dissect it enough.
Sometimes it can be false guilt or shame that we don’t need to carry.
Sometimes the guilt is a wise teacher helping us stretch ourselves.
In the case of the stories we tell ourselves, we can tell ourselves we are kind and generous people, and then have a story attached to what that means. In your case, and in mine, we often determine if we are being kind and generous on the grounds of whether someone else is happy.  You and I have learned to understand that this can more often than not be codependent rather than healthy, and I no longer want to define “kind and generous” by the whimsical happiness of others. I want to pursue health and live into virtues that I know are more trustworthy and more deeply rooted.
Furthermore, the programming of “codependency” has infected theology and practice of ministry. I can hear the narrative: “I’m not being a good minister unless I’m spent and weary and small and resent myself.” I don’t think this is who Jesus asks us to be, flogging ourselves for the sake of being sacrificed for others. It leaves us miserable, it abuses our God-created selves, and it certainly dis-empowers the person asking for connection with us who is devouring us, perhaps by no intention of their own.
But we humans will often push until a boundary is found, instead of protecting it as we pursue. We are often looking for someone else to inform us on what the boundaries are. “How far can I go?” is a normal question, and not necessarily a malicious one. A child seeks to learn this from parents. It doesn’t mean someone is being cruel or conniving. Rather, thirst will naturally seek to be quenched. And if the well doesn’t run dry, why would we look anywhere else?
We can dis-empower people from learning their own inner well resources… or from learning to drink from many sources, so as to not dry any one source.
Much of what we discerned together as a community was not only learning that we each had different boundaries. It was also a collective discernment towards health:
What boundaries were actually healthy?
For an individual?
As well as for a community learning to give and take?
Remember that time that someone came in who used foul language, offensive jokes and offensive speech? When Kevin protected the community and called him on it, the man angrily pushed back about his freedoms. I replied that in community, part of the work of learning to live together was recognizing that we would land in different spots (some more offended by his language than others), but that we compromised for the sake of finding a space where ALL felt safe, loved, and whole.
It takes constant negotiation. It will continue to evolve. We will “find it” in one circumstance and then keep needing to “find it” in the next. But it’s meant to be improvisation, because to “find it” and be done would mean we’d stop showing up to learn about each other, and ourselves. We’d stop doing the work.
So when we encounter guilt, it’s important to sit with the question:
Does this guilt speak a narrative that is moving towards health?
Or is this a narrative that needs to be released, because it doesn’t move towards values like health, mutuality, and sustainability?
Do we give this person money?
Or not, because it would drain the whole communal fund?
Do we let these folks sleep on our porch?
Where do our personal discomforts and safety and need for ‘not being on’ come in and
where do we need to reclaim some space?
It would be easier if it was either/or. But it’s nuanced, complex, and there are often shades to the various questions that are brought up.
We co-create new models each time, and each change in the system will have ripple effects that will need to be addressed and may cause some re-adjustment. Some days will have more capacity than others.
It’s the nuance of that guilt
that it isn’t always the wise guilt that invites us to grow,
but sometimes that growth means reminding ourselves that our boundary is okay,
and that for our health and the health of the asker,
we need to strengthen our ‘no’ so they can learn more of their wholeness
and we can learn more of ours.
– Evey McKellar
Thank you for sharing your wisdom.

Sauti ya Mungu

Over these last few months, I’ve talked with many of you about what it means to hear from God. I have learned quite a bit from y’all, and after a while I summarized some of the wisdom in one place where I could refer to it easily. This morning, I thought it would be good to offer it back to y’all.

Where has God been in teaching me all of this? I honestly don’t know… but that’s something that I am learning… I am learning to become more comfortable with not knowing where God is at work, and simply trusting that God is at work. For now, I’ll just repeat a few lines from Mere Christianity. Not because I am sure that they are completely right either, but maybe they help us to see the truth a bit more clearly:

“You may say `I’ve never had the sense of being helped by an invisible Christ, but I often have been helped by other human beings.’ That is rather like the woman in the first war who said that if there were a bread shortage it would not bother her house because they always ate toast. If there is no bread there will be no toast. If there were no help from Christ, there would be no help from other human beings.” – C.S. Lewis

(Or again, the same point from a very young Jaden Smith https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vMw3Mo6aLxI )

  • God is the one speaking. You do not make it happen. You have to remember to let it come entirely from God’s side… you have to let go of your desire to control it, to make it happen, to make God speak to you. – Aubrie Custred
  • Remember, first, that God has told you who you are. You are dearly beloved, God’s precious child. Don’t forget that. At first glance, it seems irrelevant to the question of what to do, but you will be surprised by how much clarity about what to do can come from simply knowing who you are. – Dad
  • Do not sit there patiently waiting for God to speak. Do something called active listening, where you take a few steps down some paths that God might be leading you down. – David Goolsby
  • Concerning each possible path, pray this prayer each day, “Lord, if this way is the way that is best, let it grow. If not, let it fall away.” – David Goolsby
  • When God seems to be leading you down a certain path, pray this prayer, “God, if you are creating this opportunity for me to love my neighbor as myself, I thank you so much. But God, if there is anything about the path that I am walking that makes you hesitate to lead me farther down this path, I want to become aware of it and let those things go.” – this came out of a spiritual direction conversation with Matt Johnson
  • Where can I serve that others cannot and does that match my gifts and call? In the end you should be called by the needs of others and match them to your gifts. You will find multiple places where this is the case and at the end of the day just take some time and space to pray and meditate with your distilled questions in front of you. – Eric Soard
  • Think of God like a little cat. Every day, it comes to your door, and meows, and wants to come in. You can choose to let her in or not, just as you can choose to listen to God’s voice or not. The cat isn’t overbearing or demanding… it just wants to be with you. It wants this badly enough that it will keep coming over and over again, even if you keep slamming the door over and over again. – Emily Clark shared this with me; she said she got it from Anne Lamott
  • Ask yourself what God might be saying, and comb back over it, asking yourself where you have added your own assumptions to the bare bones of what God is saying. Remove the assumptions, and then simply look at the actual things that God might be saying. – Don Woolley
  • When I ask, “What is God saying?”, I get everything imaginable. When God has spoken to me, it has been calm and direct, and I have no doubt that it is the voice of God. It comes when God speaks, not when I ask for it. It surprises me.
  • We get this idea that God’s voice is so easy to miss, we act like God is trying to be elusive… we forget that God really, really wants us to hear.
  • God may sometimes call us to things that are very hard for us. Generally speaking, though, God’s calling is in line with our desires, making use of our desires, not contrary to our desires. God may call us to something that we don’t like the idea of, attempting to draw out a desire that we already have but may be ignoring, suppressing, or didn’t realize how it could be used. – these past three came from Justin Hancock

The title means “The voice of God”. I really appreciate y’all helping me to wrestle with this.

Freedom from the Guilt Trap

In a previous post, I shared about something that I learned here at the Bonhoeffer House. I call it “The Guilt Trap”:

  1. I think of myself as a basically kind and generous person. My standards here are unrealistic and confused, but I’m not aware of this at the time.
  2. A friend asks something of me. I decide that they are asking too much. I say no, and I call this “setting a boundary”.
  3. Soon after, I decide that the boundary I set was not a boundary that a basically kind and generous person would set. So I feel guilty. Now the important thing at this step is that I feel guilty. The guilt may be unfounded, or it may be founded, but regardless, it weighs on me. And before I have gotten to the bottom of this…
  4. I receive another request that appears to be too much. Mentally, I return to the boundary that I had set, but then I remember that I felt guilty about that boundary.
  5. EITHER I give in to this request (due to the guilt about last time)
  6. OR I stick to my boundary and say no again, which increases the guilt, since I am still not okay with the boundary I set.

The trap feeds itself, and the loop must be broken. It isn’t the sort of thing that you just get used to after awhile and then it’s fine.

This week, I want to share one way that I found to break the loop. It isn’t the only way; I would love to hear ways that y’all have managed to break this loop.

At step 3, I am of the opinion that I did something that a basically kind and generous person would not do. My standards may be too high, but I am not realizing this at the time, so the guilt is heavy.

On its own, this wouldn’t trap me. But when I am encountering suffering and requests so fast, I receive another request before I am able to process the guilt from the previous one.

I’m already feeling guilty, so maybe I give in when I shouldn’t. Well, that just leads to more requests, and who can blame them?

Or maybe I stick to what I said previously, and I say no.

Well, I already felt bad about that. So now I feel bad again. Guilt is piled on top of the already heavy guilt.

It’s the speed of the requests that is doing the damage. The process of fossilization is a good metaphor.

Bones are made of the wrong kind of stuff to last for millions of years. We only get fossils when the bones are buried deeply, extremely quickly, in the right kind of soil where rock can slowly replace the bone. This may happen in a flood or a mud slide. The fact that they are buried so quickly is what makes the bones able to turn into fossils… and in the same way, it’s the fast requests, over and over again, before I have time to process what is false guilt and what is justified guilt, that cause initially painful guilt to get buried and harden into bitterness.

fossils

In fact, “fossilized guilt” isn’t a bad description of the deep bitterness that results from this trap.

And so one place to break the loop is at the point where I am feeling guilty about saying no, but before the next request can come in.

I need to ask myself, “Okay, is this guilt justified? Did I actually do something wrong?” And I need to find an answer to that question that convinces me.

If the guilt is just false guilt, I need to know exactly why I think it is false.

And if the guilt is justified, I need to repent and decide on a fairer boundary

… and all of this needs to be done before the next request can come in.

It can be tiresome to keep stopping what I am doing and working through this process, but if I am going to continually encounter this level of suffering and not develop a bitter heart, it’s worth it.

The Guilt Trap

At the Bonhoeffer House, one of the things that we did was to create community with our neighbors. Rather than selectively hanging out with only other college graduates who were similar in age, interests, and socioeconomic status, we tried to get to know everyone who would come to our place. We invited everyone we saw to our big family-style dinner on Wednesday nights. Since we saw those who lived nearby more often, we invited them more often. And in Old East Dallas, a 15-minute walk from downtown, many of these folks happened to be homeless.

How do we be genuine friends to folks who have so many needs? It was the same question that I had tried to answer, through my actions, in Tanzania. This time, we were a community, together, trying to answer this question through our actions. As we attempted this over and over, we saw a vicious thought pattern that made this particularly hard for us:

  1. I think of myself as a basically kind and generous person. My standards here are unrealistic and confused, but I’m not aware of this at the time.
  2. A friend asks something of me. I decide that they are asking too much. I say no, and I call this “setting a boundary”.
  3. Soon after, I decide that the boundary I set was not a boundary that a basically kind and generous person would set. So I feel guilty. Now the important thing at this step is that I feel guilty. The guilt may be unfounded, or it may be founded, but regardless, it weighs on me. And before I have gotten to the bottom of this…
  4. I receive another request that appears to be too much. Mentally, I return to the boundary that I had set, but then I remember that I felt guilty about that boundary.
  5. EITHER I give in to this request (due to the guilt about last time)
  6. OR I stick to my boundary and say no again, which increases the guilt, since I am still not okay with the boundary I set.

And of course, giving in leads to more requests (who can blame them?)… and increasing guilt leads to burnout and bitterness towards my friends.

Things get worse when members of the community disagree about whether certain boundaries are kind and generous… we add to each other’s guilt. Looking back, I hate that I did this to my dear friends.

Of course, the cycle can be broken and the damage healed, and some of this did happen in our house. But it must be addressed; this isn’t the sort of thing that is arbitrarily fixed by time and “getting used to it”.

I know I am not the only one who has felt this, and it doesn’t only result from trying to be a friend to folks who are homeless; this kind of thing can pop up with co-workers, spouses, family members, etc. I would love to hear y’all’s perspective on it.

Bonhoeffer porch
At the Bonhoeffer House, our beautiful front porch is one of the most common causes of this boundary confusion. It’s an ambiguous space, neither in nor out, and a great place for shade, getting out of the rain, and sleeping.

Watu wa Kweli

Our plan is to start an intentional Christian community in Tarime, Tanzania. Around this time last year, I figured I should live in an intentional community before starting one, and that’s how I wound up at the Bonhoeffer House here in Dallas.

I thought this would be an easy few months, and that I would leave a lasting positive impact on this community, since I was “already so good at this”.

As it turned out, I was not to be the change-er, but the change-ee. In my short life, I have never grown so fast in a nine-month period.

Over the next few weeks I will be sharing what I learned about myself, what I learned about intentional community, and what I learned about sharing the good news of God’s kingdom through word and deed, together with a whole motley crue of folks, attempting to keep company as diverse and disreputable as Jesus himself did.

After I had been here for about six months, I was talking with another member who lived in the house (on this stretch of sidewalk, actually):

20200430_064617-2

Friend: I feel like we haven’t been helping you with preparing for Tanzania. I mean, it’s looking like you can’t go back in February, right?

Me: Well, yes, but that is because I have learned that I am not yet ready to lead an intentional community. And I really appreciate y’all helping me to see that.

Friend: Ah. Why do you say that?

Me: Um… it’s like… well, when I moved in here, I thought I was ready to lead my own community… like, I had this picture in my head of the people who I would be leading. And I was ready to lead them. Then, I moved into community with three real people, not the fake people in my head. And man, community is a lot harder with three real people than it was with the fake people in my head. I’m really glad I learned that from y’all, rather than trying to lead a community when I wasn’t ready yet.

Friend: Hahahahaha yeah. Everything is harder with the real people than with the fake people.

Over the next few weeks, I’ll be sharing some of what I learned about doing community with real people; the title means “real people”. I hope that some of what I say will be valuable to y’all too. Your feedback is welcome.

 

Siwezi Kukata Tamaa

Hey folks.

I don’t have any excuse for my silence over the last nine months. There are reasons, contributing factors… but they don’t excuse it. I have been working a part-time job and also living in an intentional Christian community. The two of those things took a lot of my time each week, and then living in an intentional community brought up some new rough edges that I hadn’t noticed in myself. In response, I’ve devoted a lot more time to daily prayer, journaling, and meditation, hoping to work through some of this and to grow closer to God.

While none of these are bad things, I should have kept you updated as well. I apologize that I didn’t do a better job of balancing all of this.

I was not able to stick with our plan and return to Tanzania in February to launch the community in August. Intentional Christian community is harder than I had expected. A few months ago I realized that I need more experience with this; I wouldn’t be ready to lead a community by February 2019.

I am deeply grateful that the church next-door has hired me as their youth minister. This youth group is made up entirely of the children of refugees from East Africa, and their parents all speak Swahili. I can’t tell you what a pleasant surprise it has been to continue speaking Swahili and growing in my knowledge of East African culture through my part-time job here in Dallas.

Eric Soard and the folks in Tarime, Tanzania are planning on me returning in late 2020 or early 2021 to get the community started. I’ve written out a more detailed timeline here:

Updated Tarime Timeline

As I continue pressing toward this goal despite this very necessary setback, I am reminded of this almost poetic passage from a favorite book:

“It’s like this when you live a story: The first part happens fast. You throw yourself into the narrative, and you’re finally out in the water; the shore is pushing off behind you and the trees are getting smaller. The distant shore doesn’t seem so far, and you can feel the resolution coming, the feeling of getting out of your boat and walking the distant beach. You think the thing is going to happen fast, that you’ll paddle for a bit and arrive on the other side by lunch. But the truth is, it isn’t going to be over soon.

… the work is harder than you imagined… at some point the shore behind you stops getting smaller, and you paddle and wonder why the same strokes that used to move you now only rock the boat.

… the shore you left is just as distant, and there’s no going back; there is only the decision to paddle in place or stop, slide out of the hatch, and sink into the sea…

It’s like this with every crossing, and every story, too. You paddle until you no longer believe you can go any farther. And then suddenly, well after you thought it would happen, the other shore starts to grow, and it grows fast. The trees get taller and you can make out the crags in the cliffs, and then the shore reaches out to you, to welcome you home, almost pulling your boat onto the sand”

img_58461
At White Rock Lake in Dallas, TX

The title is a Swahili expression meaning, “Giving up is not an option for me.”

Thank you, friends.

Davis

(Excerpt from A Million Miles in a Thousand Years, Donald Miller)

Amani

Part of the reason that my return to Tanzania and the intentional living community has been delayed is that I have struggled a lot with productivity. Of course, this is nothing new, but it has become more of an issue when I am working on a project this big.

On January 21st, Eric Soard and I talked for a couple hours about how to become more productive. Since then, I have been making a consistent effort at this. One of the most important lessons from this time has been that productivity is less a matter of getting more done, and more a matter of getting the right things done. It’s about making wise decisions about which things are most important and being willing to let the others fall by the wayside.

So now, before I start work each day, I decide 3 essential things that I need to do on this day (thanks to Michael Hyatt & Co. for this tip). Those normally aren’t the only 3 things I will do, but this focus forces me to make the hard decisions each day about which things are actually most important.

Before I choose the 3 things for each day, I read the following meditation from Henri Nouwen:

You are very concerned with making the right choices about your work. You have so many options that you are constantly overwhelmed by the question “What should I do and what should I not do?” You are asked to respond to many concrete needs. There are people to visit, people to receive, people to simply be with. There are issues that beg for attention, books it seems important to read, and works of art to be seen. But what of all this truly deserves your time?

Start by not allowing these people and issues to possess you. As long as you think that you need them to be yourself, you are not really free. Much of their urgency comes from your own need to be accepted and affirmed. You have to keep going back to the source: God’s love for you.

In many ways, you still want to set your own agenda. You act as if you have to choose among many things, which all seem equally important. But you have not fully surrendered yourself to God’s guidance. You keep fighting with God over who is in control.

Try to give your agenda to God. Keep saying, “Your will be done, not mine.” Give every part of your heart and your time to God and let God tell you what to do, where to go, when and how to respond. God does not want you to destroy yourself. Exhaustion, burnout, and depression are not signs that you are doing God’s will. God is gently and loving. God desires to give you a deep sense of safety in God’s love. Once you have allowed yourself to experience that love fully, you will be better able to discern who you are being sent to in God’s name.

It is not easy to give your agenda to God. But the more you do so, the more “clock time” becomes “God’s time,” and God’s time is always the fullness of time.

The title of the blog means “peace”. It’s hard to let some of these things fall by the wayside, but inner peace has been the result.

Asanteni Sana, Jamani

When I returned to the U.S. in September,  I was excited about starting a cross-cultural intentional Christian community in Tarime, Tanzania.

It was an exciting idea. Three American young adults and three Tanzanian young adults committing to living together for a year, locating ourselves in an especially impoverished and unreached part of Tarime. It would be a great opportunity to reach out to our neighbors, as well as a great opportunity for African young adults and American young adults to learn from each other.

As September and October became November and December, though, doubt began to take the place of excitement. I was spending more and more hours working my part-time jobs to pay my living expenses and was finding very little time to work on the community. And although many people who know me well had affirmed me, saying that intentional community work really matches my skills and gifts, I started to realize how hard this might be, and I started to feel a need for further training, as well as several months of experience living in intentional community. Where was I going to find that? I was having a hard enough time just paying my bills. The questions kept coming, and they hurt.

Is this ever going to get off the ground?

Am I really qualified?

Can I really become qualified?

Things started to look up, though, when Rev. Ceciliah Igweta was kind enough to take an interest in our project. She invited me to come out and visit the folks at the Missional Wisdom Foundation. They do training on starting intentional Christian communities, as well as overseeing several of their own intentional communities.

Ceciliah - Edited
Rev. Ceciliah Igweta

They were very kind to me during my visit and agreed to let me join as a student in their training program (called Launch and Lead) even though I had technically missed the deadline to enroll.

They also let me stay for 3 days at the Bonhoeffer House, an intentional community that they supervise. It was great to see firsthand what intentional community looks like for a few days.

In April, they invited me to come live there, and I moved in on June 23rd. I’ll be here for the next seven months, learning what it is like to live in intentional community and to get to know our neighbors.

Around the time that I went out to visit Missional Wisdom, I met with someone else who wanted to help me make this community a reality. Rev. Don Woolley, director of the QuadW Missional Internship, let me know that they were interested in starting an intentional community in Tanzania, as an international site of QuadW. We were excited to learn that we saw the same vision for the community, and he (along with Eric Soard, Fred Otieno, Emmanuel Pius, Frank Karoli, and Leah Wilfred) helped me with the process of turning this vision into concrete plans and budgets.

Screenshot 2019-05-25 at 06.06.57

Program Overview

Evangelism plan

MC Community Formation plan

On May 23rd, we presented these plans to the QuadW Missional Internship Board of Directors, and they unanimously approved. I will return to Tarime, Tanzania during February of 2020 to get things set up and then we will launch during August of 2020.

QuadW board
QuadW Missional Internship Board

I still have a lot more to learn about intentional community, as well as more money to raise, but it feels so good to be moving forward. Thank you to all of you who have carried me from

uncertainty about whether this would actually happen

to

concrete plans and a start date.

The title? “Asanteni sana” just means “Thank you all so much”. “Jamani” is a Swahili interjection that you can put after something to add emphasis.

Thank you to each of you who have donated to help cover the costs of my training program and my move out to the Bonhoeffer House.

Thank you to every Church who has laid hands on me and prayed for me in Church. Those are special times for me. I don’t forget them.

Thank you to the folks at the Bonhoeffer House for being so incredibly kind to me over the last week and welcoming me into your community.

Thank you to Rev. Eric Soard for being such a faithful, consistent mentor and providing me with opportunities to love the people of Tarime, Tanzania.

Tarime streets
Tarime, Tanzania

Tuinue Kipato Chetu, Tuboreshe Maisha Yetu

Hello, friends.

I am a little late with this update on the savings and loan groups, I wish I had sent it to you earlier.

A quick recap: from 2010 to present, 13 new Methodist Churches have been born in Northern Tanzania. Most of these were in areas of extreme poverty, and we wanted to help these new churches to meet the physical needs of their congregations. “Pamoja” is a curriculum for doing savings and loan groups together with asset-based community development. It had a pretty good track record with other churches in this part of Tanzania, so we started helping these new Methodist Churches to start Pamoja groups.

A group normally has between 15 and 25 members. Most are church members, but they invite neighbors from outside of the church as well. The groups go through a series of Bible studies about being created in God’s image, the fall, how poverty came out of this, the poverty trap, how God can redeem us and how part of that is redeeming the part of us that keeps us in the poverty trap. Then, the groups start meeting each week and saving small amounts of money, normally between 50 cents and $5. This builds up, and after awhile, the group can make loans to group members from these savings.

These communities generally do not have any good options for safe places to save or places to access loans from. This financial flexibility is the reason that the groups are so helpful to them. I wrote a much longer post about this 3 years ago, you can click here to read it.

I appreciate that so many of you trusted us, that you invested in this work at the beginning by donating to pay my travel, living, and work expenses.

The work was pretty difficult for awhile there. We were able to get 4 groups going though, and a few Tanzanian folks started to take leadership roles and improve their lives. UMCOR took notice and invited us to apply for a grant.

With this grant, we trained and hired those Tanzanian folks who had been taking leadership roles, and we entrusted them with the work that we had been doing. We also bought 4 motorcycles for these new Tanzanian staff members. Here they are:

Mwita3
Mwita Baita, Mara Regional Coordinator
20161105_170626
Steven Baruani, Mwanza Regional Coordinator
PastorJosefBoniface
Pastor Josef Tanganyika, Geita Regional Coordinator

I failed to get a good picture of Pastor Stefano Mulungu, Dodoma Regional Coordinator. He has done great work though.

All 4 of these guys have. They were far more successful than I or Eric (the missionary I volunteer for) ever was at starting these Pamoja groups. They explained the idea in terms that the churches could understand, and soon, we had many churches wanting to start more than one group. Methodist Churches beyond the 13 that we had originally been working with wanted to start groups.

This grant also enabled us to do more rigorous monitoring and evaluation of our results. On February 15th, 2019, our program manager, Miliary Parmao, sent us a detailed statistical report. Some highlights:

39 Pamoja groups are operating now, based out of 23 United Methodist Churches

807 total members within these groups

$21,229.91 saved within these groups. That goes a long way in Tanzania (For comparison, I can eat for $1/day in Tanzania)

You can view the report on Google Sheets here: Pamoja Results Google Sheets

Or as an Excel file here: Pamoja Results Excel

These stars represent (roughly) where these new groups are located.

Screenshot 2019-05-15 at 00.43.40

And here are some of the folks whose lives have improved:

 

It’s been exciting to see new Methodist Churches meeting the material needs of their impoverished communities. About a month ago, UMCOR awarded us a second grant to extend the program and to expand it even further.

The title is the Pamoja motto. It means, “Let’s raise our incomes, let’s improve our lives.”